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El juicio de Paris (1904) by Enrique Simonet
The painting shows the Judgement of Paris, an event in Greek mythology.
Figures, from left to right: The goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, then Aphrodite’s son, Eros, and Paris.
The Judgement of Paris
In Greek mythology, Eris is the goddess of strife, discord, and rivalry, and it is said, that Eris’ actions was what resulted in the Trojan war:
Because of Eris’ disagreeable nature she was the only goddess not to be invited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. When she went anyway, she was refused admittance and, in a rage, threw a golden apple amongst the goddesses.
Eris had stolen the apple from the Garden of the Hesperides, Hera’s orchard. The apple is known as the Apple of Discord and it was marked “to the fairest”.
Athena, Aphrodite, and Hera all laid claim it, so Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who were to judge the goddesses.
Paris awarded the apple to Aphrodite who had bribed him by offering the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen of Troy and wife of Menelaus, as his bride. Fulfilling her promise, Aphrodite made Helen fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy.
Those are the events that sparked the Trojan War.